Isolation as a life style. The most remote settlements
Journeys | 20.05.2020
Being isolated is a challenge for many people, especially for those who are used to big cities with great opportunities and lots of fun. But there are settlements in the world where such a way of life is normal. We'll tell you about the most remote inhabited lands.
Longyearbyen and Barentsburg, Norway
Longyearbyen (Norwegian) is the administrative center of Svalbard and the closest settlement to the North Pole. Polar bears and Arctic foxes walk around near the city, and tourists come there for the ascetic beauty of the north and wildlife. According to the latest data, the population of Longyearbyen is 2,368 people, which is almost all the inhabitants of Spitsbergen, as there are 2,642 people on the island. The second largest city is Barentsburg, the "island" of Russia on Norwegian land with a population of 471 people.

It is forbidden to go outside the cities without a gun, cash is often replaced by special cards there, and being ill is prohibited by law. If Longyearbyen is a modern city with shops and hotels (there is even a Radisson there), then Barentsburg is more like a transit point where people come to work for several years. Vegetables, fruit and dairy products are delivered by helicopter from Longyearbyen or brought by snowmobiles in parts. There is no crime at all, locals know each other by sight, and the best entertainment in winter is to watch the northern lights.
Tristan da Cunha Islands, British Overseas Territories
This archipelago is called the most isolated place on the planet. The nearest settlements are 2,161 km to St. Helena Island and 2,816 km to South Africa. Life in the center of the Atlantic Ocean is concentrated on the main rounded island. Here guests are greeted by the sign "Welcome to The Remotest Island". In the capital with the most romantic name — Edinburgh of the seven seas, there are only about a hundred houses, and the total population of the island is about 260 people, but the data has not been updated for a long time.

Despite the remoteness, there are shops with everything you need (though furniture or appliances must be ordered and waited for) and even public transport. Local residents can rightfully be called the people of nature forces, because the ocean gives people work and food. Lobster fishing, which men engage in, is popular here. Women hold administrative posts.

You can get to the island only by water, but if you are not lucky with the weather, then the liner will not be able to moor to the coast, and travel is not cheap. So going here is at your own peril and risk if you collect unique places.
McCarthy, Alaska, USA
The town of McCarthy has a difficult fate, it was originally built as a city of illegal "freedom" in comparison with another mining city Kennecott, where alcohol and entertainment were prohibited, and a number of incidents added a terrible atmosphere to these places. As it often happens with mining cities, as soon as mineral reserves run out, such settlements either decline or are completely abandoned. We wrote about such cities here. In Kennecott, copper ore was mined, and after the depletion of natural reserves, the inhabitants left the city. But McCarthy, unlike Kennecott, is still alive. According to the data of 2014, the population of the town is only 42 people.

A remote settlement in the mountains of Alaska mainly receives income from tourists, which come there more often after the release of the series "On the Edge of Alaska" on the Discovery Channel. People mostly come to see the Rangel St. Elias Park, and the locals offer transportation services. Despite the number of inhabitants, the town has shops and even a local bar. The town of Cordoba is located 193 km from McCarthy.
Azores, Portugal
The Azores is an archipelago of nine islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Unlike previous examples, everything is much better with the infrastructure there, and despite the remoteness, these places are popular among tourists. The total population of the islands is 246,772 people. Life is mainly concentrated on the island of San Miguel, where 137,856 people live.

Settling of the islands began in the era of geographical discoveries in the 15thcentury. Then the Portuguese "tested" the discovered islands by goats, which they left on the island for several years, and then returned and checked how the animals felt. Azores turned out to be a favorable place to live, despite the difficulties with growing agricultural crops.

Even with amenities, a pleasant climate (thanks to the Gulf Stream), the inhabitants of the Azores know what isolation is, because the mainland is 1,600 km, you can only get there by plane, since ferries do not go from the mainland, and the islands themselves are surrounded by the Atlantic.
Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland
Ittoqqortoormiit or Scoresbysund is an isolated settlement in the east of Greenland. If you ever imagined the "end of the world", then, highly likely, it was Ittoqqortoormiit.

The population of the village is 452 people who lead an ascetic lifestyle: planes only move around twice a week from Iceland. Then you need to fly by helicopter, and in the summer, which lasts a little more than two months there, you can also get there by water.

There are no supermarkets with everything needed there either. Local residents are the only ones who are officially allowed to hunt in the territory of the national park, since the state cannot provide the settlement, which is so isolated, with an uninterrupted supply of food.
Thorshavn, Faroe Islands, Denmark
Faroe Islands (Føroyar, Föroyar) "Sheep Islands" is an archipelago of 12 islands in the North Atlantic, located between Norway and Iceland. The population of the islands is 48,497 people and life is concentrated in the capital Thorshavn, its suburbs, as well as Klaksvík – the main transport hub of the northern part of the archipelago.

Thorshavn is located on the island of Streymoy and was founded in the tenth century. The name is literally translated as "Thor's harbor". According to United Nations 2017 statistics 13,083 people live in the city. Despite the harsh climate (it is often rainy and very windy in the Faroe Islands) the Faroes adapted themselves and built a city with everything necessary for life.

Due to the proximity to the ocean, local people can also be called the people of nature. The main cropping of the Faroese is fishing, more than 90% of the fish is exported, and not so long ago, tourism has been actively developed on the Faroe Islands.

The distance to Iceland is 450 km, and to Norway – 650 km. To get to the capital of the Faroe Islands, you will have to make the connection in one of two countries. In summer, a ferry runs from Bergen to the archipelago. The Faroe Islands formally belong to Denmark, but the locals are fighting for independence. Although they consider themselves Scandinavians, the Faroese nevertheless require autonomy, because the islands have their own language, currency and culture, which differs from other countries of Northern Europe.
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