Seven Summits — the goal of all mountain-climbers
Journeys | 03.06.2020
As any other sport, mountaineering has a special club, becoming a part of which is a great privilege for every adventurer. The Seven Summits Club includes mountain-climbers who have conquered the highest peaks of all continents of the Earth. We'll tell you what each of them is remarkable for.
Everest, Nepal / China, Asia. Height – 8,848 meters.
Everest is the highest point on the planet, the main goal of any mountain-climber. The first famous person to fulfill the dream of many was the traveler Edmund Hilary. His assistant and guide was Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. Another representative of the Sherpa, Apa Tenzing is known as a champion in the number of summit ascents – 21.

Climbing Mount Everest requires a high level of preparation and careful planning. The climbing takes about two months (of which a month can be spent for acclimatization) and requires significant funds for equipment, guide services and logistics – the total cost is about 85 thousand dollars. Climatic conditions closer to the summit are very severe, and the oxygen content in the air is minimal. Even with this in view, there are more and more people wishing to get to the top of the world every year – traffic jams are frequent throughout the entire site.
Aconcagua, Argentina, South America. Height – 6,962 meters.
Aconcagua is the highest peak located outside of Asia. The unofficial nickname of the mountain is the Colossus of America. The first known attempt to conquer Aconcagua belongs to the German climber Paul Güssfeldt. It took place in 1883 and ended unsuccessfully. 14 years later, Aconcagua was conquered by the Swiss Matthias Zurbriggen, who also went down in history as the first to climb this peak alone.

Among professional climbers, the Colossus of America, despite its formidable name, is considered an uncomplicated mountain. When climbing, oxygen tanks are not required, and even children can climb it in the 21st century. The youngest conqueror was the 9-year-old Tyler Armstrong from the USA in 2013.
Denali, USA, North America. Height – 6,135 meters.
Mount Denali is located in Alaska. Before the sale of Alaska by the Russian Empire, the mountain was simply called "Big", then for a long time it was named after US President John McKinley, and in 2008 its original name was returned to it. The first person to climb Denali was the American Frederick Cook. His successful ascent took place in 1906.

Denali is a rather difficult mountain to climb. It could not be conquered on one's own for more than 100 years since the first successful ascent. In 2015, the first person in history who succeeded was the traveler Lonnie Dupre.
Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, Africa. Height – 5,885 meters.
Kilimanjaro is a stratovolcano with several peaks, the highest of which is recognized as Uhuru. The first documented conquest of this peak took place in 1889 by the expedition of Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller.

Among the Seven Summits, Kilimanjaro is the easiest mountain to climb. Almost every person who does not have health problems can go on the long route that lasts about a week. Therefore, advanced climbers prefer to compete in speed – the Swiss Karl Egloff set the current record at 6 hours 42 minutes in 2014.
Mont Blanc, Italy / France, Europe. Height – 4,810 meters.
Mont Blanc is a symbol of European mountaineering. Mont Blanc is inferior in height to Elbrus, but in order to qualify for the European stage of the Seven Summits Club, it is enough to conquer any of these two mountains at choice. The first documented ascent took place in 1776, when Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard climbed Mont Blanc.

Due to its location, Mont Blanc remains the most popular among the Seven Summits. Here, the largest number of both successful and unsuccessful ascents, including those with a fatal outcome, was recorded.
Vinson Massif, Antarctica. Height – 4,892 meters.
This massif was discovered later than all the other mountains from the list of Seven Summits – in 1958. After only six years, the peak of the massif was conquered by a team of American Antarctic researchers led by Nicholas Clinch. In 2001, an eastward climb was made.

Apart from the Antarctic conditions that climbers inevitably have to face, the Vinson Massif does not cause any particular technical difficulties. At the same time, only wealthy travelers can afford to go to the top – due to the difficulties with logistics, the cost of climbing is about 30 thousand dollars per person.
Jaya, Australia and Oceania. Height – 4,884 meters.
As is the case with Mont Blanc and Elbrus, for the Australian continent there are options for choosing between two peaks: Jaya (located on the Australian lithosphere plate) and Kosciusko (in Australia itself). The first to climb Jaya was a group of climbers led by Heinrich Harrer in 1962. This was preceded by several unsuccessful attempts.

Jaya is an option for the mountaineering elite, it is one of the most difficult mountains. You can't meet random people here, and every mistake during climbing can be fatal. Due to the difficult terrain, it is impossible to evacuate an injured climber by helicopter. Slippery ground and frequent rains only add trouble both on the way to the top and during the descent.
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